Primary Sources: 

“All About Dr. Seuss.” Theodor Seuss Geisel. Dr. Seuss Enterprises. 31 Jan. 2009. <http://www.catin ---cthehat.org/history.htm>. Included background information for Theodor Geisel, including how his interest    -----in film first began. Provides a  description of how Geisel began making training videos for the U.S. Army. This  -----is a good source for information on Geisel’s early life before he began his career.  The author provides           -----background information on Theodor Geisel and his family. It provides his various influences and how the era   -----in which he lived affected his work. It also speaks about the popularity of the books he published. Although     -----this source is great for basic information, it lacks  the insight necessary to compose a better image of Geisel's -----political intentions.

Dr. Seuss. Sneetches and Other Stories. New York: Random House, 1961. This is a story about prejudice   -----from the Star-Belly Sneetches towards the Plain-Belly Sneetches.  The underlying theme of this story is about -----social issues.  Sneetches and Other Stories shows my group and me what Geisel’s views on society were, with -----which we will incorporate into the part of our paper that explains his ability to embed serious issues within his  -----stories.

“Dr. Seuss.” The Art of Dr. Seuss. The Chase Group. 1 Feb 2009.<http://www.drseussart.com/index.  --c-html?>. Provides information on Dr. Seuss’s college life and plans before becoming an artist. Geiselhad         -----entered the advertising industry, dealing mostly with Standard Oil. During WWII, Geisel felt he needed to        -----contribute to the effort and agreed to make animated recruitment videos for the Army. This started Dr.           -----Seuss’s legacy as his characters became easily identified by his style and his short films were even able to     -----win Academy Awards.

Dr. Seuss. The Butter Battle Book. New York, New York: Random House, 1984. This is one of Dr. Seuss’s  -----well-known books which tells a tale about the Cold War through the Zooks and the Yooks.  This clever story    -----exemplifies how a small conflict can get out of hand.  This source will help us on our essay in which we will      -----explain how Geisel’s political commentary led to his fame.

Dr. Seuss. Theodor Seuss Geisel: The Early Works of Dr. Seuss. Ohio: Checker Book, 2005. This book    -----was published before his series of children’s books.  It’s a collection of ads, political cartoons, and cartoons to  -----warn soldiers of the dangers of malaria.  This book helps us understand how Geisel got his start and what he   -----did throughout his pre-fame years.

Minear, Richard. "A Catalog of Political Cartoons by Dr. Seuss." Orpheus/ UCSD. 1 Feb 2009.                ---d<http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/dspolitic/Frame.htm>. A short summary of the books that          -----contained a political message. It also provides examples of Geisel's drawings during the World War II era.      -----The images that were given do a good job in letting the reader see Geisel's work first hand, although the         -----writing accompanied with the images was not particularly helpful.  It also provides a brief description of Dr.     -----Seuss’s work as the chief cartoonist at the New York paper PM and includes an extensive collection of his        -----political cartoons. The entire collection is astonishing, considering our previous impressions of Dr. Seuss,        -----because it reveals Geisel’s racist portrayals of non-Americans and his support for the war.

Minear, Richard H.. Dr. Seuss Goes To War. New York: The New Press, 1999. This is a compilation of the   -----political drawings Geisel made during World War II.  It clearly shows his involvement in World War II—helping ---- increase of propaganda.  These political cartoons will help our group see the drawings that began his legacy to -----America.


“The Advertising Artwork of Dr. Seuss.” The Advertising Artwork of Dr. Seuss. 1 Feb 2009.                 ---d<http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/dsads/index.shtml>. Extensive collection of Theodor Geisel’s       -----advertising cartoons, predating his well known work as a children’s book author. Geisel’s is only recognized as -----Dr. Seuss, but his career began as a little known cartoonist and was ultimately thrust into fame.

Secondary Sources:


Bailey, Thomas, David Kennedy, and Lizabeth Cohen. The American Pageant. 11th ed. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1998. Print. This book contained background information of World War II, and the American's stance concerning international affairs. It also explained key American victories during the war, and general information concerning the social effects World War II had on the country.

Cohen, Charles . The Seuss The Whole Seuss and Nothing but The Seuss. New York: Random House.
-----This is a biography of Theodor Geisel which depicts his years at Dartmoth College through his drawings.  It    -----shows what his life was like before he became famous.  This book helped me understand who the real            -----Theodor Geisel was—the man before becoming a well-known author of children’s books.  It also reveals what  -----motivated him to produce the illustrations and books that make him an American icon.

Dean, Tanya. Theodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss). Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2002. This               -----biography explains the early history of Theodor Geisel’s life and career.  It gives an insight on how he grew    -----up and what his inspirations were.  This helped me better understand why and how he began writing stories    -----which would ultimately revolutionize the way children learn to read

"Dr. Seuss at War." American Heritage 2008: 12. This describes the political cartoons that Theodor Geisel     -----made for PM Magazine. It gives a brief description of each cartoon as well as an in depth analysis of the         -----deeper meanings of them. This gives great analysis of each of Geisel's cartoons, and helped me get a better   -----understanding of the messages Geisel is trying to portray.  This newspaper reviews on of Geisel's books that   -----contains an underlying political message, The Butter Battle Book. It gives a brief description of the story line,  -----and the characters involved. This review was not very helpful; it just gives a very broad overview of the book -----with little analysis and insight.

"Independent Lens." PBS. PBS. 1 Feb 2009 <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/politicaldrseuss/ ---cpolitical.html>. This source gives the reader insight on Dr. Seuss's political cartooning and what motivated   -----him to begin to incorporate politics into his work. Also, its provides background information on politically          -----cartooning; how it began and how it continues on today. Although it was very brief, the description the author  -----gives constructively breaks down Geisel's political intentions.


Kaplan, Melissa. “Theodor Seuss Geisel: Author Study” Anapsid. 17 April 2007 31 Jan 2009.                ---c<http://www.anapsid.org/aboutmk/seuss.html>. Extremely detailed bibliography of Theodor Geisel.     -----Includes in-depth information of his pursuits in publication and his work for the army. Is able to describe         -----Geisel’s thoughts on his own works and direct quotes about his career.

Krull, Kathleen. The Boy on Fairfield Street. New York: Random House, 2004.  
Geisel’s childhood is          -----presented in this short story.  He grew up during the World War I era, so he was constantly looked down upon -----due to his German descent.  This book takes me through his experiences and narrates how a young Theodor  -----Geisel grew up to be Dr. Seuss.

Larrick, Nancy. “Dr. Seuss.” The New Book of Knowledge. 1998. Brief Bibliography of Dr. Seuss. Provides  -----pictures for Dr. Seuss’s most famous and recognizable characters. Notes that according to Dr. Seuss himself,  -----all of his books began with random doodles.


Menand, Louis. “Cat People: What Dr. Seuss Really Taught Us.” The New Yorker. 23 Dec. 2002.  Condé ---cNast Publications. 30 Jan. 2009 <http://www.newyorker.com/ archive/2002/12/23/021223crat ---d_atlarge >. Excellent analysis of Dr. Seuss’s “Cat in the Hat” and its relation to the Cold War. Relates back    -----to Geisel’s unknown propaganda cartoons and his beliefs regarding the Cold War. Relays the idea that Geisel -----wasn’t just a children’s book author, and his messages are much more serious than many believe because his -----stories allude to current events of his time.

Morgan, Judith and Neil Morgan.  Dr. Seuss and Mr. Geisel: A Bibliography. Da Capo Press, 1996. An    -----incredibly detailed biography of the life of Theodor Geisel.  Contrasts the differences between the well known -----children’s author and the little known political cartoonist. Provides for an excellent contrast between the           -----opposing views of Dr. Seuss and Geisel. Useful for description on Geisel’s early cartoonist career for               -----advocating the war for the American government.  Facts of Geisel’s life and art are explained in this book by   -----his neighbors (at the time).  It goes into detail about his great sense of color.  Dr. Seuss & Mr. Geisel was a    -----great help in showing me how others viewed him.  It’s sometimes hard trusting a biography written by a mere -----admirer who had no actual connection to Geisel, but this one seems reliable.



P., Clarissa. "About The Political Dr. Seuss." Firstbook.org. July 25, 2006. 1 Feb 2009. <http://blog.   ---dfirstbook.org/2006/07/25/about-the-political-dr-seuss/>. The author gives an overview of the        -----World War II era, and explains how Geisel used various ideas from the public at the time and incorporated it   -----
in his work. It also provides insight on two books Geisel wrote. This source does well in giving political insight  -----in Geisel's work, and breaking down Geisel's cartoons.


Reid, Robin. "A Politically Animated Dr. Seuss."Campaigns & Elections 25(2004):13 Reid explains how    -----Geisel expressed his political views in his work during the World War II era. He then goes on to describe how  -----Hitler, Mussolini, and American isolationists were depicted in Geisel's cartoons. The way Reid breaks down       -----Geisel's depiction of the Nazi and Fascist leaders gives the reader a better understanding of how Geisel saw     -----the Axis leaders.

Roberts, Chuck. “Serious Seuss: Children’s Author as Political Cartoonist.” CNN. 17  Oct. 1999. Cable   ---cNews Network. 31 Jan 2009. <http://www.cnn.com/books /news/9910/17/dr.seuss.war/             ---cindex.html>. Alludes to the oddity of the serious content of Geisel’s cartoons coupled with the childlike          -----illustrations. Contains the themes for Thoedor Geisel’s early drawing for PM and his attitude toward non-war    -----supporters. Useful for proving point of his children’s books being founded upon adult themes of war, but          -----masked by child friendly illustrations.

Sendak, Maurice. The Secret Art of Dr. Seuss. New York: Random House, 1995. This book is a collection   -----of Geisel’s paintings.  He drew these paintings for his own pleasure.  This shows me the other side of his         -----artistic side.  These paintings don’t look similar to the ones in his children’s books; they take on a more           -----sophisticated tone.

"The Political Dr. Seuss." Springfield Library and Museums Association. 2000. Springfield Library       ---dand Museums Association. 1 Feb 2009 <http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/1aa/1aa291.htm>. This source -----talks about an exhibit in which Geisel's political cartoons will be on display. It also focuses on how the             -----Japanese people were  depicted in Geisel's cartoons. This source was very helpful because it focused on a      -----certain aspect of Geisel's political cartoons; the depiction of Japanese people. It gave me a better                   -----understanding of Geisel's message to the American people about the Japanese.  Brief background description  -----and explanation of true meaning behind a few of Dr. Seuss’s well known children’s books. Useful for               -----exemplifying that Dr. Seuss’s content in his books aren’t recognizable because of their placing in children’s      -----books.  This website explains the political cartooning side of Geisel’s career.  It also gives a very brief             -----biography on him.  This source sums up a general overview of Geisel so that we will be able to visualize the    -----overarching themes of his career.

Wilson, James K.. "Dr. Seuss: War Propagandist." Associated Content. June 5, 2007. 1 Feb 2009          --d-<http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/264480/dr_seuss_war_propagandist.html>. This     -----source gives a broad overview of the life of Theodor Geisel. It also gives information and insight on how         -----Geisel's cartoons served as propaganda for the American effort in World War II. Although this source was       -----pretty descriptive, it lacked a large amount of analysis.